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Know About the Basics Of Smtp And Its Benefits

The SMTP is one of the most outstanding communication protocols and used for the electronic mail transmission. It was first defined by RFC 821 in 1982 and updated in 2008 by the RFC 5321. Message transfer agents and mail servers use the SMTP to send as well as receive the mail messages. In general, SMTP servers make use of the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) on the port number 25. 

About the SMTP

SMTP is a set of communication guidelines designed to let the software or spamming tools for transmitting the email over the Internet. This program is used to send messages to another computer user based on the address of the email. This software provides the mail exchange between users of different or users on the same computers. This program can send a single message to one or any number of recipients on the same network or outside the Internet and such message includes the text, video, graphics, or voice. 

You may think about the real and main purpose of the SMTP at this time. SMTP is used to successfully set up the communication rules between the servers and such servers have a method to identify them and announce the type of communication they try to perform. These servers have a method of handling all the errors like the incorrect email address. The receiving server replies with this kind of error message when the recipient address is wrong. 

SMTP client and SMTP server are divided into components like the user agent and mail transfer agent. The user agent is responsible to prepare the message and make the envelope along with the message in the envelope. The role of the mail transfer agent is to transfer such mail across the Internet.  A successful SMTP lets the complex system by including a relaying system. As compared to having one mail transfer agent at the side of the sender and receiver, so many mail transfer agents are added and such resources act as either sever or client to relay the email. Any relaying system can be used to send the emails to users when it is available without any TCP/IP protocol. This is because a proper use of the mail gateway that is a relay mail transfer agent designed for receiving the email. 

How does the SMTP work? 

You may think how SMTP from works. Composition of the mail is the first step in the SMTP process.  A user sends an electronic mail using the mail user agent that is a program designed to send as well as receive the email. Body and header are the two parts of the message. The header includes information like the addresses of the sender and recipient. The body part contains the main part of the message. The header includes the subject of the message and other descriptive information. 

Submission of the mail is the next step in the SMTP process. Once the email is composed, the mail client submits such completed email to the SMTP server through the SMTP on the TCP port 25. The delivery of the email is an important part in this process. Recipient’s username and domain name are the two parts of the email address. The mail transfer agent is used to send the email when the domain name of the email address of the recipient is same as the domain name of the sender. Otherwise the MSA is used to send the email. The mail transfer agent finds the target domain to relay the email. This system checks the mail exchange record from the domain name system and gets the target Doman.  The mail exchange record includes the domain name as well as the internet protocol of the recipient’s domain. Mail transfer agent connects to the exchange server for relaying the message after the record is located. 

Receipt and processing of the mail is the next step in this process. The exchange server delivers the incoming message once it is received to the incoming server that is the mail server agent designed to store the email until the user retrieves it. Access and retrieval of the mail is the last step and taking place when the stored email can be retrieved from the MDA by using the mail user agent which can be accessed using the login and password.